WHO WE ARE
The Homeless People's Federation Philippines, Inc. (HPFPI)
is a national network of 88 (registered) urban poor community associations and 88 savings groups (not registered) spanning all over the three major regions in the Philippines, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
As of June 2017, the Federation has about 8,138 individual members representing 18 cities and municipalities.
It promotes community driven approaches to :
1. securing tenure
2. upgrading and housing
3. basic urban services
4. disaster risk reduction
5. post- disaster reconstruction and rehabilitation
Members of the federation promote community savings as a tool, both as a social movement and at the same time as a way to build communities’ financial capacities. The Federation’s work focuses on low-income communities in the high-risk areas, voluntary resettlement and post relocation activities, disaster management and reconstruction processes through community-led initiatives.
The HPFPI has ongoing initiatives in savings mobilization, mapping and community profiling, land acquisition, network formation, community upgrading (housing construction, site development) , disaster intervention.
Read more about it below:
HPFPI promotes resource mobilization or savings among urban poor communities. Savings is used as a strategy to (1) Directly Finance community investment (2) Bring people together to work towards their common ends.
HPFPI also uses savings as a social mechanism to build networks of communities that promote continuous learning, shelter innovations, and support structures. The HPFPI implements the UPDF and Group Savings, among others.
WHAT IS UPDF?
The Urban Poor Development Fund is a mechanism in which resources are pooled in to finance shelter-related investements where government financing facilities are unavailable. Resources are from: Community members, National Government, Donor Agencies
The Strength of this financial strategy rests on:
The financial stake of the people themselves
The clear accountability systems in place
Primary role fiven to communities to manage their funds and prioritize their use
Uses of UPDF
In community mapping, communities undertake various activities to gather information on the situation of informal settler families to put them on “maps” and make them “visible” to government and other stakeholders.
This I also the first step towards the planning of their areas ideally in coordination with local government units which coordinates the process through formal governance bodies. Mapping includes various activities such as settlements mapping, community profiling, locating boundaries, household surveys, validation of results, structural mapping (scale and measurement), assessment of location and communities.
Communities undertake various activities to secure land and learning activities to understand technical requirements for acquiring decent and safe shelter. Activities include:
Setting up of a “homeowners association” and capacity building for association and project management.
Land research and negotiations with the landowner
Drafting contracts that are fair and favorable to the community
Undertake various processing requirements towards final purcahse, subdivision and registration of property into individual lots.
Develop the community infrastructure, such as drainage, water supply, electricity and road network.
Training on house modeling where community members build model houses which become the bases for designing prototypes by volunteers and for cost assessment
Assessment of environmental risks in lands about to be purchased and in current settlements.
Introduction of social services such as elderly care, community-based rehabilitation of disabled persons, training on & delivery of paramedic services.
Hands-on training among community volunteers on recording and bookkeeping.
In line with its continuing thrust to expand community-driven initiatives to a city-wide scale on policies and programs that impact on shelter and tenure, the HPFPI pursues network formation among community-based urban poor federations. In cities where a citywide network has not yet been formed, the HPFPI takes the initiative in getting organizations together and creating an alliance. Within these alliances, HPFPI collaborates with other people’s organizations on specific common goals.
Communities living in high-risk settlements need to improve their homes or provide basic facilities. Wether or not they have secured their land tenure, there is need to upgrade their living areas and surroundings in order that they and their families avoid untoward mishaps and improve their quality of life incrementally. Communities that have purchased their land would need to provide basic facilties such as water, electricity, roads, footpaths, drainage and better housing structures.
Those that live in high-risk areas which do not have immediate prospects of relocation still need to make their homes and surroundings a better place to live in.
Under the apporach of HPFPI the process of community upgrading is not simply a phsyical one. In involves communities planning and implementing the agreed improvement - and putting in their human and financial stake into the improvement. By this, communities become more cohesive in the process and their technical capacities developed.
SHELTER INITIATIVES AT RECONSTRUCTION: SUSTAINABLE DISASTER RESPONSE
The HPFPI is not limited to the extension of relief goods to poor communities affected by disaster. In fact, the federation focuses more on the provision of support to longer term initatives such as attaining security of tenure for the disaster survivors. Thus the HPFPI supports housing projects such as:
HPFPI promotes “community process” or the use of community-drive strategies to achieve its objectives. From the planning and design of the project to the implementation and monitoring of the initiatives, the poor communities are given space to lead and set the pace of their own development.